Sclerotherapy is a medical procedure whereby a chemical, the sclerosant, is injected into a vein to entirely obliterate it. The sclerosant damages the innermost lining of the vessel, resulting in a clot that blocks the blood circulation in the vein beyond. Veins carry unoxygenated blood from the peripheral tissues back to the heart. Since the blood pressure in the veins is low, the blood is pumped by forward by contractions of the heart.
To prevent back-flow, most veins have valves that only allow blood only to flow in the direction of the heart. When these valves become incompetent, veins become enlarged and bulging (varicose). Smaller veins that feed these varicose veins can also become enlarged and appear as red or blue spider veins in the skin. Varicose veins can lead to a chronic swelling condition of the leg called venous insufficiency. Venous insufficiency predisposes a person to blood clots and skin ulceration. Even more frequently, damaged veins are manifested as unsightly spider veins. The destruction of these types of veins can be desirable both medically and cosmetically.
before And after photos
Sclerotherapy Frequently Asked Questions
What Are the Potential Side Effects?
The chances of serious side effects are extremely rare, especially in the hands of world-class dermatologists. Once the 15-30 minute procedure is finished, downtime is virtually nonexistent, as most patients go back to their normal day.
The most common side effects reported are mild redness, itching, and bruising. All side effects usually disappear within a week.
How Many Treatments Are Necessary?
The number of spider vein treatments depends on the extent of veins. A general guideline is 2-3 sessions to achieve the best results.
Read more about treating unwanted veins with a sclerosing agent, visit WebMD.com.
Who are Right Candidates for Vein Therapy?
Sclerotherapy is the ideal treatment for anyone wanting a safe, successful, minimally invasive treatment for unsightly veins. Patients with busy schedules or with an aversion to surgery are often well suited to the simple vein treatment.
However, the best way to know is to schedule a consultation with a board-certified vein specialist.
What are the Common Areas that Benefit from Sclerotherapy Vein Treatment?
Sclerotherapy is ideal for spider and varicose veins treatment on virtually any part of the leg and can even be used for the backs of the hands and chest.